A few months back, a hacker group called Cyber Caliphate plastered pro-ISIS messages across websites and social media accounts belonging to a North Korean airline, Albuquerque newspaper and even U.S. Central Command. At the time, it looked like the cybercriminals were actually affiliated with the terror organization, but it turns out that's not the case.
“Although Cyber Caliphate declares to support ISIL, there are no indications—technical or otherwise—that the groups are tied,” the two-page report from the Overseas Security Advisory Council states. The Islamic State (IS) is also known by the acronyms ISIL or ISIS.
So, who's behind the attacks? Right now, all evidence points towards Russian hackers, according to the French government, which began investigating the situation after Cyber Caliphate attacked news station TV5Monde earlier this year.
Despite the lack of a connection between Cyber Caliphate and ISIS, the U.S. State Department is still warning that ISIS has a very active online presence.
“ISIL’s use of Twitter has been deemed particularly effective; a Brookings study reported at least 46,000 Twitter accounts in use by ISIL supporters during the timeframe of September through December 2014,” the report said.