1994: The computer program Chinook takes the title of Man-Machine World Champion in checkers.
1997: IBM's Deep Blue defeats chess master Gary Kasparov.
2011: IBM's Watson takes first place in the game show Jeopardy.
Computers are increasingly beating humans that their own games. That's because computers can store and calculate almost every aspect of the game they're playing and come up with a winning strategy faster than their human opponents. But there are still some games where humans have the edge, like poker. Or do they?
Computers are good at games where the rules are known, but the common wisdom was that they couldn't match humans in games that include luck or bluffing. It turns out that the common wisdom was wrong, at least in certain cases.
Let me introduce you to Cepheus, the poker-playing artificial intelligence.